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Undergraduate Catalog

Biology: Major

A minimum MPL of 4 and a minimum cumulative GPA of 2.5 are required to declare a major in Biology.

Minimum grade requirements:

  • A minimum grade of C- is required to advance from BIO201 General Biology I to BIO202 General Biology II and from BIO202 General Biology II to BIO320 Genetics.
  • A minimum grade of C- in BIO320 Genetics is required to advance to most upper-division biology courses (300 and above).
  • A minimum grade of C- is required to advance from CHE201 General Chemistry I to CHE202 General Chemistry II, from CHE202 General Chemistry II to CHE318 Organic Chemistry I, and from CHE318 Organic Chemistry I to CHE319 Organic Chemistry II.
  • A minimum grade of C- in CHE319 Organic Chemistry II is required to enroll in BCM461 Biochemistry I.
  • A minimum grade of C- in MAT251 Calculus I is required to enroll in MAT252 Calculus II and in PHY201 General Physics I.

Biology (BA degree track) - 56 credits,
plus an approved minor or second major

Core requirements............................................23 credits
BIO201 General Biology I (3) and BIO211 General Biology I Lab (1)1
BIO202 General Biology II (3) and BIO212 General Biology II Lab (1)1
BIO320 Genetics (3) and BIO321 Genetics Lab (1)2
BIO322 Evolution (3)2
CHE201 General Chemistry I (3) and CHE211 General Chemistry I Lab (1)3
CHE202 General Chemistry II (3) and CHE212 General Chemistry II Lab (1)3
Participation in Lecture Series (6 hours, 0 credits)

1 BIO201/211 General Biology I/General Biology I Lab and BIO202/212 General Biology II/General Biology II Lab must be taken in sequence. A minimum grade of C- is required in BIO201 and BIO202.
2 A minimum grade of C- in BIO320 Genetics is required to advance to most upper-division biology courses (300 and above).
3 A minimum grade of C- is required to advance from CHE201 General Chemistry I to CHE202 General Chemistry II and from CHE202 General Chemistry II to CHE318 Organic Chemistry I.

Biology electives....................................................25 credits
Upper-division (300-level or above) Biology or selected Biochemistry courses and/or BIO296 Departmental Elective, with at least 3 credits in each of the following categories:

Environmental Biology
BIO301 Field Biology Fall (3)
BIO340 Ecology (4)
BIO425 Plant Ecophysiology (4)
BIO440 Freshwater Biology (4)
BIO445 Ornithology (4)

Evolution & Diversity of Life
BIO305 Plant Morphology (4)
BIO307 Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy (4)
BIO350 General Microbiology (4)
BIO370 Animal Physiology (4)
BIO412 Evolutionary Theory (3)
BIO418 Animal Behavior (3)
BIO435 Entomology (4)
BIO445 Ornithology (4)

Architecture of Life
BIO311 Developmental Plant Anatomy (4)
BIO350 General Microbiology (4)
BIO358 Molecular Biology (4)
BIO359 Cell Biology (4)
BIO388 Biological Chemistry (3)
BIO413 Developmental Biology (4)
BCM360 Protein Structure & Function (4)
BCM461 Biochemistry I (3)

Capstone
BIO4xx: All 400-level Biology courses (3-4)

Cognate requirements.............................8 credits, chosen from the following:
CHE318 Organic Chemistry I (3) and CHE306 Organic Chemistry I Lab (1)
CHE319 Organic Chemistry II (3) and CHE309 Organic Chemistry II Lab (1)
CPS210 Computer Science I: Foundations (4)
CPS310 Computer Science II: Data Structures (4)
GLG201 Physical Geology (3) and GLG211 Physical Geology Lab (1)
GLG202 Historical Geology (4)
MAT251 Calculus I (4)
MAT252 Calculus II (4)
PHY201 General Physics I (3) and PHY211 Physics I Lab (1)
PHY202 General Physics II (3) and PHY212 General Physics II Lab (1)
PHY221 Fundamental Physics I (3) and PHY211 Physics I Lab (1)
PHY222 Fundamental Physics II (3) and PHY232 Fundamental Physics II Lab (1)

Additional breadth requirement
In addition to the 56 credits outlined above, BA students much choose a minor (typically 18-22 credits) or a second major.

Additional considerations for admission to medical, dental and veterinary schools: The requirements for these professional schools are constantly evolving and vary from institution to institution. Please contact the Pre-Health Advisor.

Cellular Biology (BS degree track) - 72 credits

Core requirements............................................23 credits
BIO201 General Biology I (3) and BIO211 General Biology I Lab (1)1
BIO202 General Biology II (3) and BIO212 General Biology II Lab (1)1
BIO320 Genetics (3) and BIO321 Genetics Lab (1)2
BIO322 Evolution (3)2
CHE201 General Chemistry I (3) and CHE211 General Chemistry I Lab (1)3
CHE202 General Chemistry II (3) and CHE212 General Chemistry II Lab (1)3
Participation in Lecture Series (6 hours, 0 credits)

1 BIO201/211 General Biology I/General Biology I Lab and BIO202/212 General Biology II/General Biology II Lab must be taken in sequence. A minimum grade of C- is required in BIO201 and BIO202.
2 A minimum grade of C- in BIO320 Genetics is required to advance to most upper-division biology courses (300 and above).
3 A minimum grade of C- is required to advance from CHE201 General Chemistry I to CHE202 General Chemistry II and from CHE202 General Chemistry II to CHE318 Organic Chemistry I.

Required concentration courses...........................8 credits
BIO358 Molecular Biology (4)
BIO359 Cell Biology (4)

Concentration electives........................................17 credits, chosen from the following:

Architecture of Life (at least 7 credits)
BIO311 Developmental Plant Anatomy (4)
BIO350 General Microbiology (4)
BIO388 Biological Chemistry (3)
BIO413 Developmental Biology (4)
BCM360 Protein Structure & Function (4)
BCM461 Biochemistry I (3)
BCM463 Biochemistry Lab (1)
BCM470 Biochemistry II (3)

Capstone (at least 6 credits, including at least 3 credits in 400-level Architecture of Life courses)
BIO4xx: All 400-level Biology courses (3-4)

Cognate requirements.......................................24 credits
CHE318 Organic Chemistry I (3) and CHE306 Organic Chemistry I Lab (1)
CHE319 Organic Chemistry II (3) and CHE309 Organic Chemistry II Lab (1)
MAT251 Calculus I (4)
MAT252 Calculus II (4)
PHY201 General Physics I (3) and PHY211 Physics I Lab (1)
PHY202 General Physics II (3) and PHY212 General Physics II Lab (1)

Additional considerations for admission to medical, dental and veterinary schools: The requirements for these professional schools are constantly evolving and vary from institution to institution. Please contact the Pre-Health Advisor.

Additional considerations for admission to graduate programs in biology: Research experience. You should begin to explore research options during your sophomore year.

Environmental Biology (BS degree track) - 72 credits

Core requirements............................................23 credits
BIO201 General Biology I (3) and BIO211 General Biology I Lab (1)1
BIO202 General Biology II (3) and BIO212 General Biology II Lab (1)1
BIO320 Genetics (3) and BIO321 Genetics Lab (1)2
BIO322 Evolution (3)2
CHE201 General Chemistry I (3) and CHE211 General Chemistry I Lab (1)3
CHE202 General Chemistry II (3) and CHE212 General Chemistry II Lab (1)3
Participation in Lecture Series (6 hours, 0 credits)

1 BIO201/211 General Biology I/General Biology I Lab and BIO202/212 General Biology II/General Biology II Lab must be taken in sequence. A minimum grade of C- is required in BIO201 and BIO202.
2 A minimum grade of C- in BIO320 Genetics is required to advance to most upper-division biology courses (300 and above).
3 A minimum grade of C- is required to advance from CHE201 General Chemistry I to CHE202 General Chemistry II and from CHE202 General Chemistry II to CHE318 Organic Chemistry I.

Required concentration courses..........................8 credits
BIO340 Ecology (4)
BIO380 Biological Statistics (4)

Concentration electives.....................................17 credits, chosen from the following:

Environmental Biology (at least 7 credits)
BIO301 Field Biology Fall (3)
BIO425 Plant Ecophysiology (4)
BIO440 Freshwater Biology (4)
BIO445 Ornithology (4)
GEO330 Geography of Soils (3)
GEO383 Introduction to GIS (4)

Capstone (at least 6 credits, including at least 3 credits in 400-level Environmental Biology courses)
BIO4xx: All 400-level Biology courses (3-4)

Cognate requirements..........................................24 credits
CHE318 Organic Chemistry I (3) and CHE306 Organic Chemistry I Lab (1)
CHE319 Organic Chemistry II (3) and CHE309 Organic Chemistry II Lab (1)
MAT251 Calculus I (4)
MAT252 Calculus II (4)
PHY201 General Physics I (3) and PHY211 Physics I Lab (1)
PHY202 General Physics II (3) and PHY212 General Physics II Lab (1)

Additional considerations for admission to medical, dental and veterinary schools: The requirements for these professional schools are constantly evolving and vary from institution to institution. Please contact the Pre-Health Advisor.

Additional considerations for admission to graduate programs in biology: Research experience. You should begin to explore research options during your sophomore year.

Integrative Biology (BS degree track) - 72 credits

Core requirements............................................23 credits
BIO201 General Biology I (3) and BIO211 General Biology I Lab (1)1
BIO202 General Biology II (3) and BIO212 General Biology II Lab (1)1
BIO320 Genetics (3) and BIO321 Genetics Lab (1)2
BIO322 Evolution (3)2
CHE201 General Chemistry I (3) and CHE211 General Chemistry I Lab (1)3
CHE202 General Chemistry II (3) and CHE212 General Chemistry II Lab (1)3
Participation in Lecture Series (6 hours, 0 credits)

1 BIO201/211 General Biology I/General Biology I Lab and BIO202/212 General Biology II/General Biology II Lab must be taken in sequence. A minimum grade of C- is required in BIO201 and BIO202.
2 A minimum grade of C- in BIO320 Genetics is required to advance to most upper-division biology courses (300 and above).
3 A minimum grade of C- is required to advance from CHE201 General Chemistry I to CHE202 General Chemistry II and from CHE202 General Chemistry II to CHE318 Organic Chemistry I.

Concentration electives.....................................25 credits, chosen from the following:

Environmental Biology (at least 3 credits)
BIO301 Field Biology Fall (3)
BIO340 Ecology (4)
BIO425 Plant Ecophysiology (4)
BIO440 Freshwater Biology (4)
BIO445 Ornithology (4)

Evolution & Diversity of Life (at least 3 credits)
BIO305 Plant Morphology (4)
BIO307 Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy (4)
BIO350 General Microbiology (4)
BIO370 Animal Physiology (4)
BIO412 Evolutionary Theory (3)
BIO418 Animal Behavior (3)
BIO435 Entomology (4)
BIO445 Ornithology (4)

Architecture of Life (at least 3 credits)
BIO311 Developmental Plant Anatomy (4)
BIO350 General Microbiology (4)
BIO358 Molecular Biology (4)
BIO359 Cell Biology (4)
BIO388 Biological Chemistry (3)
BIO413 Developmental Biology (4)

Capstone (at least 6 credits)
BIO4xx: All 400-level Biology courses (3-4)

Cognate requirements..........................................24 credits
CHE318 Organic Chemistry I (3) and CHE306 Organic Chemistry I Lab (1)
CHE319 Organic Chemistry II (3) and CHE309 Organic Chemistry II Lab (1)
MAT251 Calculus I (4)
MAT252 Calculus II (4)
PHY201 General Physics I (3) and PHY211 Physics I Lab (1)
PHY202 General Physics II (3) and PHY212 General Physics II Lab (1)

Additional considerations for admission to medical, dental and veterinary schools: The requirements for these professional schools are constantly evolving and vary from institution to institution. Please contact the Pre-Health Advisor.

Additional considerations for admission to graduate programs in biology: Research experience. You should begin to explore research options during your sophomore year.

Organismal Biology (BS degree track) - 72 credits

Core requirements............................................23 credits
BIO201 General Biology I (3) and BIO211 General Biology I Lab (1)1
BIO202 General Biology II (3) and BIO212 General Biology II Lab (1)1
BIO320 Genetics (3) and BIO321 Genetics Lab (1)2
BIO322 Evolution (3)2
CHE201 General Chemistry I (3) and CHE211 General Chemistry I Lab (1)3
CHE202 General Chemistry II (3) and CHE212 General Chemistry II Lab (1)3
Participation in Lecture Series (6 hours, 0 credits)

1 BIO201/211 General Biology I/General Biology I Lab and BIO202/212 General Biology II/General Biology II Lab must be taken in sequence. A minimum grade of C- is required in BIO201 and BIO202.
2 A minimum grade of C- in BIO320 Genetics is required to advance to most upper-division biology courses (300 and above).
3 A minimum grade of C- is required to advance from CHE201 General Chemistry I to CHE202 General Chemistry II and from CHE202 General Chemistry II to CHE318 Organic Chemistry I.

Required concentration courses...........................8 credits
BIO307 Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy (4)
BIO380 Biological Statistics (4)

Concentration electives........................................17 credits, chosen from the following:

Evolution & Diversity of Life (at least 7 credits)
BIO305 Plant Morphology (4)
BIO350 General Microbiology (4)
BIO370 Animal Physiology (4)
BIO412 Evolutionary Theory (3)
BIO418 Animal Behavior (3)
BIO435 Entomology (4)
BIO445 Ornithology (4)
ANT302 Human Osteology (3)
GLG305 Paleontology (4)

Capstone (at least 6 credits, including at least 3 credits in 400-level Evolution & Diversity of Life courses)
BIO4xx: All 400-level Biology courses (3-4)

Cognate requirements..........................................24 credits
CHE318 Organic Chemistry I (3) and CHE306 Organic Chemistry I Lab (1)
CHE319 Organic Chemistry II (3) and CHE309 Organic Chemistry II Lab (1)
MAT251 Calculus I (4)
MAT252 Calculus II (4)
PHY201 General Physics I (3) and PHY211 Physics I Lab (1)
PHY202 General Physics II (3) and PHY212 General Physics II Lab (1)

Additional considerations for admission to medical, dental and veterinary schools: The requirements for these professional schools are constantly evolving and vary from institution to institution. Please contact the Pre-Health Advisor.

Additional considerations for admission to graduate programs in biology: Research experience. You should begin to explore research options during your sophomore year.