- Program Description
- Program Components
- Reporting Requirements
As with any large-scale fire protection and detection system, temporary shutdowns and impairments of portions of the system are unavoidable. However, as required by the International Fire Code Section 901.7, a program must exist explaining the procedures to be followed in the event of such impairment. An impairment is the planned or unplanned rendering of a fire protection or detection system, or any portion thereof, inoperable. This program shall outline the processes to be followed immediately following an emergency impairment, as well as the processes to be followed prior to authorization being received for a planned impairment. Coordination for impairments shall include the Office of Emergency Management (OEM), University Police (UPD), Facilities Management (FM), Facilities Design & Construction (FD&C), Facilities Operations (FOC), The New York State Office of Fire Prevention and Control (OFPC), The New Paltz Fire Department (NPFD), SUNY administration, and any contractors involved. Planned impairment permit issuance will fall under the control of the Office of Emergency Management via the Impairment Coordinator and Code Enforcement Official (Director, OEM).
This program involves training to avoid impairments, proper planning, permit applications, fire watches, and signage. Unsupervised fire protection system or detection impairment has a very high potential for injury, death, and property loss; and SUNY New Paltz has great interest in protecting students, visitors, staff, and property from the dangers of fire and smoke.
Staff, contractors, and students who require impairment permits will receive training according to the following schedule:
- Prior to a person being appointed as the fire watch designee, as recognized by the International Fire Code and the Office of Emergency Management for the purpose of this program.
- At any point when staff, contractors, or students are deemed to have insufficient knowledge or skills to perform fire watch or recognize potential impairments.
The purpose of this program is to establish guidelines outlining procedures to be taken in the event of impairment to a fire protection system. The International Fire Code Section 901.7 states: “Where a required fire protection system is out of service, the Fire Department and the Code Enforcement Official shall be notified immediately, and the building shall either be evacuated or an approved fire watch shall be provided for all occupants left unprotected by the shut down until the fire protection or detection system has been returned to service.” This program will outline the processes used to comply with the fire code. These impairments could include entire systems, or a single portion of any system. At any time where an inoperable system part poses a potential for damage to property or risk to life safety from fire, an impairment is present, and this plan must be instituted. This program applies to all SUNY New Paltz facilities and properties; owned, rented, and leased, and is designed for all students, staff, contractors, and guests.
The following individuals have responsibilities as part of the SUNY New Paltz Impairment Program:
3.1 SUNY Employees, staff, students, guests, contractors, and visitors
- Employees, staff, students, guests, contractors, and visitors must obey all signs and postings regarding impairments.
- Employees, staff, students, guests, contractors, and visitors must contact the Office of Emergency Management with any questions or concerns regarding impairments.
- Fire Watch Designee must be assigned solely to the function of being a human fire detection and reporting system. The fire watch designee may only be assigned to constant patrols of the affected area, on all floors, in all rooms, corridors, and halls, including mechanical and electrical rooms. This person, once designated, may not perform any other work function on the job site.
- Fire Watch Designee must be competent in the use of fire extinguishers, as well as the proper reporting methods for notifying University Police in the event of a fire related incident. The Fire Watch Designee must be provided with at least one adequate means of reporting a fire related incident to University Police, (Default: Cell Phone)
- The Fire Watch Designee must be physically capable of assisting people in a fire incident to safety. This person must also be capable of utilizing a mega-phone for the purpose of alerting occupants of danger.
- The Director of the Office of Emergency Management has been designated as the Impairment Coordinator and the Code Enforcement Official. The Impairment Coordinator is responsible for ensuring that this program is followed, and all fire codes are obeyed during any impairment. In the absence of the Director of the Office of Emergency Management, the Emergency Preparedness Specialist, the Director of Environmental Health & Safety, the Assistant Director of Environmental Health & Safety, and the Occupational Health & Safety Specialist will act as the impairment coordinator, in that respective order.
- The Impairment Coordinator (and Code Enforcement Official together if different) have final say in all code issues and are empowered to order the evacuation of any area found to be in violation of campus policy of International Code. This includes the immediate evacuation of contractors, students, staff, guests, visitors, etc.
- The Impairment Coordinator is responsible for monitoring the outage and the program and ensuring that the system is returned to service.
- The Impairment Coordinator is responsible for notifying UPD, OFPC, and NPFD immediately of any significant impairment.
- In the event that a proper fire watch cannot be instituted, the impairment coordinator is responsible for ordering the evacuation of the building.
- The Impairment Coordinator will approve requests where appropriate. The Project Manager/Supervisor for the related work is responsible for submitting the appropriate work request for the impairment, and ensuring the impairment is appropriate and sufficient.
- The Project Manager/Supervisor is responsible for confirming with the electrical shop that the shutdown is planned to occur as scheduled or has been canceled/postponed, one day prior to the shutdown date.
- Upon assignment of the work order, the Trades Supervisor Electrician/designated electrician must inform the Project Manager which electrician has been assigned the work.
- The designated electrician is responsible for confirming that all procedures related to equipment have been followed.
- The Trades Supervisor Electrician/designated electrician must inform the Project Manager when the shutdown is complete, or, before the work would need to start, that the schedule cannot be met for some reason.
- The designated electrician is responsible for returning the system to service at the scheduled time, or at an alternate time (i.e. earlier if the work was completed sooner) when advised to do so by the Project Manager/Supervisor as authorized by the Impairment Coordinator.
3.2 Fire Watch Designee
3.3 Impairment Coordinator
3.4 SUNY New Paltz Trades Supervisor Electrician
3.5 SUNY New Paltz Trades Supervisor Plumber
- The designated plumber is responsible for confirming that all procedures related to equipment have been followed.
- The designated plumber is responsible for returning the system to service when advised to do so by the Project Manager/Supervisor as authorized by the Impairment Coordinator.
3.6 SUNY New Paltz Project Manager/Supervisor (FOC/FD&C/FM)
- The Project Manager/Supervisor will identify any work that has the potential for creating dust, fumes, smoke, or similar alarm triggering material. They are responsible for following the steps set forth in this policy to avoid nuisance alarms.
- The Project Manager/Supervisor is responsible for having the Contractor complete (in its entirety) the Fire Alarm Impairment application, and then submitting it (in a timely fashion as per FOC guidelines) to the Impairment Coordinator.
- Once the application is approved the Project Manager/Supervisor is responsible for submitting a complete work request, including the signed application, to FOC to schedule the impairment.
- The Project Manager/Supervisor is responsible for confirming with FOC prior to the work that the impairment is scheduled as requested. The Trades Supervisor Electrician, or designated electrician, shall verbally confirm to the Project Manager, each day, that the impairment has occurred prior to any work. The trades supervisor electrician, or designated electrician, shall again verbally confirm to the Project Manager that the system has been returned to proper operation after work is complete for the day.
- NO potentially alarm-triggering work shall occur at SUNY New Paltz without a designated Project Manager/Supervisor from FOC, FD&C, or FM being assigned to complete the process described in this policy.
- The electrician/plumber conducting the impairment is ultimately responsible for confirming with the Project Manager that the requisite floors, devices, buildings (specifically) are impaired BEFORE work, and completely returned to service AFTER work.
- The fire alarm system must be returned to the same or better condition after each Damage to the fire alarm system as a result of work in a building will be the responsibility of the person/company performing work and shall be repaired immediately.
- The Project Manager shall report any device or system damage to the Coordinator, and subsequently what was done, or is proposed to be done, to correct the issue.
- Repeated failure by a Project Manager/Supervisor to follow this procedure will result in a STOP WORK order and/or the denial of an application.
- Persons/entities/organizations deemed by OEM to be causing nuisance/false alarm activations due to failure to follow impairment guidelines may be subject to STOP WORK ORDER, removal from site.
4.1 Scheduled Impairments
- Whenever a member of the campus community, particularly contractors, are to be engaged in work that has the potential of causing dust, smoke, dirt, lint, haze, fog, mist, steam, water vapor, or other airborne particulates that may activate a fire alarm device, they must follow the steps of this program necessary to schedule an impairment and avoid accidental alarm activations. It is the responsibility of the contractor to recognize the possibility for fire alarm activations due to the work they are conducting, and it remains the contractor’s responsibility to coordinate with the SUNY New Paltz Project Manager/Supervisor (FOC, FD&C, FM) for the impairment. This includes:
- Submitting written notice of need for impairment to the SUNY New Paltz liaison for that project.
- Scheduling training for necessary employees with SUNY New Paltz Facilities Design & Construction for proper procedures in covering smoke and heat detectors.
- Notifying SUNY New Paltz Facilities Design & Construction liaison of the need for Fire Watch and fire extinguisher training for any applicable employees.
- Properly application and removal of any detector coverings so as to avoid activation. Facilities Design & Construction campus standard policy is to be followed, including the use of powder free latex or nitrile gloves or shower caps and painters tape, and the procedures for disabling alarms only prior to application and after removal of coverings.
- If a contractor or other individual requires an impairment be instituted for the purpose of avoiding false fire alarm activations, or to do system maintenance, requests must be made in writing to the Impairment Coordinator a minimum of three work days prior to the beginning of the impairment, as per FOC Electric Shop policy for scheduling. This request must include
- The extent and expected duration of the impairment.
- The areas or buildings involved
- Names of: requester, contracting company, department head(s) of affected areas, alarm companies with systems in effected area, time work is scheduled, type of work scheduled, recommended type and extent of impairment necessary to complete work, fire watch designee, and site supervisor.
- Direct cell phone contact information for the SUNY New Paltz Project Manager/Supervisor who will be overseeing the impairment/work.
- The portions of the fire detection system to be disabled.
- The name(s) of the qualified fire watch designee(s).
The Impairment Coordinator does not schedule the alarm shutdown. The Impairment Coordinator merely approves or denies the request to be forwarded to FOC Electric Shop for scheduling. If the impairment cannot be scheduled in time, that decision is made by SUNY Facilities Operations (FOC).
4.2 Emergency Impairments
- As per the International Fire Code Section 901.7.5, “When unplanned impairments occur, appropriate emergency action shall be taken to minimize potential injury and damage. The impairment coordinator shall implement the steps outlined in the International Fire Code Section 901.7.4”. These steps include:
- Determine the extent and expected duration of the impairment.
- Determine the areas or buildings involved.
- Determine any increased risks in effected areas.
- If significant, notification made to Fire Department by Impairment Coordinator.
- If significant, notification made to OFPC by Impairment Coordinator.
- Notification made to the University Police by FOC personnel first informed of impairment.
- Order evacuation or institute a fire watch.
- Ensure repair can be done in a timely fashion.
- These impairments can include damage to systems such as sprinklers, hydrants, smoke detectors, heat detectors, fire pumps, Fire Department connections, fire alarm panels, supervising station, etc.
4.3 Restoring System to Service
- As per the International Fire Code Section 901.7.6, “When impaired equipment is restored to normal working order, the impairment coordinator shall verify that all of the following procedures have been implemented:”
- Necessary inspections and tests have been conducted to verify that affected systems are operational. Commissioning approved by Code Enforcement Official prior to restoration.
- When appropriate, the Fire Department has been advised that protection is restored.
- When appropriate, OFPC has been notified that protection is restored.
- University Police has been notified that protection if restored.
4.4 Impairment tagging system
- Tag required
- As per IFC Section 901.7.2: “A tag shall be used to indicate that a system, or portion thereof, has been removed from service.” At SUNY New Paltz, that tag shall be the approved Impairment Request Application.
- Placement of tag
- As per IFC Section 901.7.3: “The tag shall be posted at each fire department connection, system control valve, fire alarm control unit, fire alarm annunciator and fire command center, indicating the system, or part thereof, has been removed from service. The code enforcement official shall specify where the tag is to be placed.” At SUNY New Paltz, that tag shall be placed at the main FACP for the affected building if it is a fire alarm system impairment.
- Removal of tag
- It shall be mandatory that at the conclusion of an impairment, that all tags indicating the presence of that impairment be removed. This shall be done at the direction of the Project Manager/Supervisor.
5.1 Notification to required agencies.
The following agencies shall immediately be notified during any significant impairment, (multiple floors, entire building, occupied assembly areas, long term impairment more than 1 week, etc.):
- OEM; Impairment Coordinator
- UPD; Dispatcher
- NPFD; Chief/OIC
- OFPC; Notification to be made by impairment coordinator, (if a system will be significantly impaired).
6.1 As per IFC Section 901.7: “The Code Enforcement Official is permitted to waive the requirement for evacuation or a fire watch where there is not a substantial risk to life safety or where alternatives to maintain an equivalent level of safety are prescribed.”
7.1 Alarm Notification Appliance: A fire alarm system component such as a bell, horn, speaker, light, or text display that provides audible, tactile, or visible outputs, or any combination thereof
7.2 Alarm Signal: A signal indicating an emergency requiring immediate action, such as a signal indicative of fire.
7.3 Fire Protection System: Approved devices, equipment, and systems or combinations of systems used to detect a fire, activate an alarm, extinguish or control a fire, control or manage smoke and products of fire or any combination thereof.
7.4 Supervising Station: A facility that receives signals and at which personnel are in attendance at all times to respond to these signals.
Procedures to be followed for a minor emergency impairment:
- Heating Plant receives notification at 2:15 AM of a burst pipe in Coykendall Science Building 2nd Floor. Heating Plant responds.
- Heating Plant staff on scene finds water coming from 2 smoke detectors in area on second floor.
- Heating Plant contacts the appropriate electrician.
- Electrician responds to scene, determines that the 2 heads need to be taken out of service, and replaced at a later date.
- Electrician notifies Impairment Coordinator (email, office voicemail) that he is going to take the 2 smoke detectors on the second floor of CSB out of service.
- Electrician notifies UPD the he will be disabling 2 smoke detectors, where, and why.
Procedures to be followed for a significant emergency impairment involving a fire alarm system:
- UPD receives fire alarm activation for Lenape Hall 3rd floor hallway smoke detector.
- UPD dispatches NPFD and responds to scene. NPFD investigates and finds the cause of the alarm to be a lightning strike has impacted the electrical system in the building, causing a complete failure of the fire alarm system for Lenape Hall. UPD contacts an electrician to respond.
- Electrician confirms that entire fire alarm system is out of service for Lenape Hall.
- UPD contacts Impairment Coordinator.
- Impairment Coordinator institutes a fire watch or evacuation.
- Impairment Coordinator notifies OFPC immediately.
- Impairment Coordinator confirms Fire Chief is aware of impairment.
Procedures to be followed for a significant emergency impairment involving a sprinkler system:
- UPD receives a report of a motor vehicle accident, vehicle into a building at Bouton Hall
- UPD dispatches Fire Department and EMS to the scene.
- Arriving officers find a vehicle accelerated from a parking spot and struck the Fire Department connection for Bouton Hall sprinkler system, rendering it inoperable.
- UPD contacts the campus plumber.
- Campus Plumber advises UPD that the sprinkler system is out of service until the connection is repaired.
- UPD contacts the impairment coordinator.
- The impairment coordinator institutes a fire watch in the building, notifies OFPC and Residence Life.
- Building is permitted to be reoccupied when system is returned to service.