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Style Guide

Editorial Standards

Alphabetical Entries: G

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z

gender neutrality Use the same standards for men and women when deciding whether to include specific mention of personal appearance or marital and family situation. Avoid superfluous gender references; instead of He is a male nurse, just say he is a nurse. In sports reporting, strive for equality. If you refer to the women's basketball team, the other basketball squad should be called the men's basketball team. Avoid personification; don't refer to cars, boats, aircraft or other inanimate objects as feminine. Do not use "she" as a pronoun in reference to ships, engines or nations. Use "it" instead. Also see the stereotypes entry.

General Education Capitalize as shown in reference to a specific program, but lowercase when used generically: New Paltz recently completed upgrades to its General Education Program. Many universities have revised their general education requirements in recent years.

genus and species See the GENUS AND SPECIES heading under the names entry in this style guide; also consult Chicago 7.102-106.

government agencies Capitalize the full proper names of governmental agencies, departments and offices, but lowercase modifiers: The U.S. Department of State, the New Paltz Village Board, the Ulster County Arson Task Force, State University of New York, but the state Office of Emergency Services, the federal Department of Housing and Urban Development, the city Department of Public Works. See the federal and state entries; also consult the AP Stylebook's federal, government, governmental bodies and state entries.

grades Use uppercase for letter grades and associated "+" and "–" symbols.

groundbreaking, groundbreaking ceremony Use as one word in all forms, per AP's New York office.

Guggenheim Use uppercase as shown: John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation Fellowship(s), Guggenheim Fellowship(s), Guggenheim Fellow(s), John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Fellow(s); but: a fellow (lowercase). Note that an individual can be awarded a Guggenheim Fellowship, but does not receive a Guggenheim Fellowship Award. The fellowships are awarded by the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation in New York. The foundation has been granting awards to artists, scholars and scientists since 1925, on the basis of "unusually distinguished achievement in the past and exceptional promise for future achievement." Although not all recipients are associated with academic institutions, most hold appointments in American and Canadian universities and colleges. Winners of the annual competition are judged by a Committee of Selection. (Compare with Fulbright entry; also see the fellow, fellowship entry.)